# Mathematics

### Chi – Square

Chi – Square [Properties] Chi- Square is an important non-parametric test and as such now rigid assumptions are necessary is respect of the type of […]

### Hypothesis Testing [Procedure]

PROCEDURE FOR HYPOTHESIS TESTING To test a hypothesis means to tell (on the basis of the data the researcher has collected) whether or not the […]

### Classical Linear Regression Model [CLRM/CNLRM]

CNLRM (Classical Normal Linear Regression Model) Assumption 1: Linear regression model: The regression model is linear in the parameters, as shown as Yi = β1 […]

### Integration By Parts

Integration By Parts

### Integration by Substitution

Integration by Substitution

### Integration

Integrate w.r.t [as Antiderivative Process]